Child safety: 10 things you need to know

Toddler reaching for safety products

None of us want to dwell on dire things happening to our children, but prewarned about child safety hazards is prearmed against injury or worse. Based on knowledge shared on the Mumsnet Talk boards and information from safety organisations, we've pulled together some need-to-know facts about child safety.

1. Safety around hot things

Children's skin is thinner and more sensitive than adults' and so burns more easily and at lower temperatures. A growing cause of burn injuries to children is hair straighteners, which can take up to 40 minutes to cool down completely. Child burn injuries caused by straighteners have risen sharply, but the single biggest cause of burns and scald injuries to children is from hot drinks; 180 children a day are admitted to hospitals in the UK with an injury caused by a hot drink.

2. Household cleaning products

One in five parents unknowingly leave their liquid laundry capsules within their children's reach, with 19% choosing where to store them based on convenience. Ensure your cleaning products and detergents are always closed, locked away, and placed high up out of reach from your child. Watch the video from Fairy Non-bio below to find out more about keeping your children out of harms way of potentially dangerous household cleaning products, such as liquid laundry capsules.

3. Carbon monoxide poisoning

Carbon monoxide (CO) is sometimes called 'the silent killer': you can’t smell, see, or taste it, and yet a leak – from a faulty boiler, fire, gas cooker or wood burner, for example – can be deadly. It's important to have your gas appliances checked regularly (once a year) by a Gas Safe registered engineer, and any fuel-burning appliances checked by professionals. You should also install noisy carbon monoxide alarms where needed. See the RoSPA site for more information.

4. Sleep safety

Young children, particularly those aged under six months old, don't necessarily have the strength to turn and raise their heads when lying down. This means they are at a higher risk of suffocation if they are put down to sleep on an unsafe mattress; the safest mattress for your baby is one that is firm, flat and protected by a waterproof cover. Bedding to be avoided includes memory foam mattresses, water beds, feather beds, soft mattresses, or bean-bags and, according to the Lullaby Trust, sheepskin rugs are a risk factor as soon as your baby starts trying to roll on to their front.

Pillows and duvets should be avoided because the pose a suffocation risk. And the sofa is the only sleep environment in which SIDS deaths have increased in recent years. Falling asleep with your baby on a sofa or armchair increases the risk of SIDS as they can roll or fall to a different position, be trapped and be unable to breathe. Find more safe sleep advice from the Infant Sleep Information Source.

5. Nappy sacks are still plastic bags

According to the Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents: “Nappy sacks, used to dispose of soiled nappies, can also pose a risk to babies and young children.” Authorities in the UK have become aware of at least 18 deaths associated with individual nappy sacks, where babies have suffocated after a nappy sack covered their mouth and nose, or have choked after putting a nappy sack in their mouth.

Just as you wouldn't leave a plastic bag around a small child, nappy sacks should be treated as a similar or even higher risk. Move them out of reach of your baby, even when changing nappies.

6. Blind cords

Since 2010, 11 children have died in the UK after being accidentally strangled by blind cords. Children particularly at risk are those aged between 16 and 36 months, when they're able to move around but unable to get themselves out of trouble easily. Toddler windpipes are smaller and less rigid than those of older children and adults, making them much more prone to accidental strangulation.

Any cord longer than 7in can become a strangulation hazard. ROSPA's advice is to fit cleats, chain or cord tidies out of the reach of children, and not to put cots, beds or highchairs near windows. It does not advise cutting cords, as this can lead to a false sense of security whereas in fact the blind cord still remains a danger.

7. Safety around water

Children can drown quickly and quietly, without making a sound or splashing. It almost goes without saying, but we'll say it anyway – children should always be supervised when in swimming pools or in the sea. Very young children can drown in less than 2in (6cm) of water – a sink, toilet bowl, fountain, bucket, inflatable pool or even a rainwater-filled ditch could be fatal. And 15% of child drowning deaths in the UK occur while children are bathing – often due to being unsupervised for only the briefest of moments. The World Health Organisation has more information.

8. Socket covers

According to RoSPA: ''Modern 13-amp power sockets made to British Standard 1363:1995 incorporate a shutter mechanism, which prevents inappropriate access to the live connectors.'' This makes socket covers redundant for UK three-pin plugs.

In fact, RoSPA actively discourages the use of socket covers, which are attractive to young children. The greatest concern is that they can be plugged upside down, removing the shutter mechanism and turning the plug socket into an active danger to young children.

9. Choking hazards

As with drowning, choking can often be completely silent, meaning carers are unaware of the problem. And even when children are older and deemed old enough to not be at risk, ice cubes and chewing gum can still be dangerous. EU safety rules strongly recommend adult supervision for any child aged under eight blowing up a balloon. Any burst balloon parts should be binned straight away as they're easily swallowed, causing children to choke.

10. Falling

44% of all children's accidents in the home involve falling, with some of the most serious injuries caused by falling out of a pram or highchair, or falling from a bed. So if you put your child in a highchair, strap them in every time, no matter how short a time they'll stay in it.