The Foundling: Georgette Heyer book thread no. 15(55 Posts)
The Foundling is rather an oddity amongst GH's Regency romances - in that it is barely a romance at all. The hero proposes to the heroine on the orders of his uncle in about chapter 3, and we then see nothing more of the heroine until the final section of the novel, in which she shows support to him by offering to buy some substandard hats. This makes him recognise her worth and they indulge in a bit of affectionate chitchat. Damerel and Venetia it isn't - though the depiction of Gilly and Harriet's relationship is touchingly realistic.
In some ways The Foundling is a reworking of The Corinthian: rich young man is ordered to propose to suitable family connection, rebels against his ordered life and controlling family and goes off on an adventure. Just like Richard Wyndham, Gilly encounters various criminal low lives whom he thwarts, and a couple of silly young things whom he helps. I find GH's comedy criminals rather irritating - Liversedge has his moments (especially at the end when he turns out to have immaculate butlering skills) but it's not very believable that he would offer to do away with Gilly for payment from his cousin Gideon, and even though Gilly is apparently at risk of his life at one point the reader never doubts he will come through.
Tom Mamble is fun - one of GH's many spirited adolescent boys - but Belinda is so airheaded as to be utterly dull, and the subplot (pinched wholesale from Emma) about her devotion to a taciturn farmer is rather unconvincing. Similarly, Gilly's cousin Matt is a cardboard cutout Silly Young Man, and Harriet and her oppressive parents feel very familiar.
The redeeming feature of The Foundling, however (for me anyway), is Gilly (always referred to by his Christian name rather than his title, unlike other noble heroes) himself. Quite unlike most GH heroes (except perhaps Adam in A Civil Contract), he is young, short, skinny and no more than nice-looking. His kind, shy nature makes it very hard for him to stand up to his numerous well-meaning but overbearing relatives and retainers and the core of the novel is his quest to become a proper grown-up and assert his own opinions and boundaries. His character develops convincingly throughout the novel, whose climax is not The Clinch but the point at which Gilly finally tells his Uncle Lionel to shut up and let him make his own decisions for once. It's very reminiscent of those fantastic MN threads where the OP is dreadfully put upon by her dominating mother/ neighbour/SIL and after much encouragement finally finds her backbone and tells them where to go.
The Foundling will never be one of my favourite of GH's works - and I suspect GH recognised its weaknesses, which is why she reworked the plot in the (for me) more successful Sprig Muslin. But thinking of Gilly and his triumphs still makes me feel all warm inside.
Gosh, there is so much to comment on.
I have drunk ratafia and of course you can get the biscuits easily. Orgeat is also available. I think they come from Spain, which would make sense given the wars. if not, Italy. But I saw them in France.
I also agree that JE is a feminist novel and so it was perceived at the time, v shocking, and yes, she turns down st john which would have been security until an early death, turns down Rochester until on her own terms.
But the reality for women of that period is that unless you had your own income the only alternative to marriage was drudgery or living with relatives who didn't want you. Elinor and Kate have no alternative. Nor will Eleanor and Marianne once their mother and her income die. Mary Bennett has governess written all over her, just as Lydia has tart, unless her older sisters make good marriages. Fanny is dumped on relatives, Anne suffers. Fanny could not have been a governess, Anne should not have been if her father had been competent.
Abigail, Ancilla, Venetia , Selina can live albeit in circumscribed circs because they have their own money. Kensington and blue stocking society sound quite fun to Venetia. Emma Wodehouse is an heiress so she can live by herself or with a companion once her father dies. Phoebe is the one who does plan a career future, although she should have had some money from her mother, presumably though her father is useless with money.
But the fear of being Miss Bates, and ultimately starving to death, looms large. Miss Beccles says she never has anything to eat mid day, when Carlyon is driving her down to Elinor. It is hanging over Frederica that she will be a pain to Harry once he takes over the estate.
This position changed little for the middle classes until post war, once men had come back from the First World War. My granny thought that neither DSis nor I should be educated as it would get in the way of marrying well. (And it, or something, did.) GH would have been writing for her generation. If you read the novels of DE Stevenson, the same is broadly true there.
I think it is the Scots female novelists who have women going off to make careers, there is one by either the findlaters or Mrs oliphant where the ain't goes to become a successful milliner.
Dickens deals with the lower middle classes who were less circumscribed, so really does Mrs Gaskell (Miss Matty and her shop).
I get the feeling that ratafia was too sickly sweet for the men - the contemporary equivalent of alcopops perhaps? As opposed to proper drinks like Burgundy or brandy - there is a lot of
smuggled brandy in the 1800-1820 books!
I don't think Charles is transformed as such -- it's clear from what his family members say about him that the Charles they all knew from the past is, pretty much, the same Charles that Sophy has restored by the end of the book. The stress of dealing with the family's calamitous financial situation has temporarily made him the more forbidding figure we (and Sophy) encounter at the beginning of the book.
What a fantastic book, mackerella! (Though I might pass on the broad bean wine.) There is definitely negus in GH - I have a feeling dowagers drink it.
Ancilla is great and definitely a Spinster Role Model - though I have always been a bit lukewarm about The Nonesuch for the slightly pathetic reason that Waldo and Ancilla are both bloody awful names. Feels like GH was getting a bit desperate after four decades of inventing names for a different set of characters every year.
Actually, although the food is described in great detail in GH novels, I don't think that much drinking goes on - at least among the women. They all seem to drink dishes of tea, lemonade or orgeat*. Arabella Tallant's attempts to drink champagne are something of an exception - I can't think of any other heroines who drink (alcohol) at all?
* This is apparently an almond syrup flavoured with rosewater or orange flower water, which I think sounds quite nice.
Wow, I'd always assumed ratafia was a very mild drink. Don't the gentlemen scorn it and complain when they have to go to Almacks which serves nothing more dangerous?
Yes, Ancilla Trent, of course! She's not a drudge - although Tiffany is a right royal pain in the backside Ancilla points out she has a very high wage and Tiffany's aunt is extremely grateful to her. I know a governess's lot is not always a happy one but Ancilla makes it clear she chooses to earn her own living rather than be supported by her brother and mother. I can't see her putting up with a bad employer.
I have a recipe for ratafia! It's in this book, which has a whole section called Cordials and Ratafias, as well as others called Tree Sap Wines, Country Vinegars and Meads and Melomels (the last surely the novel that Jane Austen would have got round to writing had she not died tragically young). If you want to know how to make bilberry wine, broad bean wine , cock ale (which has chicken bones in it ) or metheglin, I'm your woman.
Some of them definitely sound like drinks in GH novels: ratafia of oranges, gooseberry ratafia, Sir Walter Raleigh's cordial water, currant shrub, syruped fruit vinegar ("a spoonful of which may be dissolved in warm water and taken when a cough or sore throat is troublesome"), bragget and negus. Maybe we should have a real-life book group meet-up, complete with authentic food and drinks?
Ah - triply welcome then, mackerella! We must arrange to meet ere long for a morning gallop across Hyde Park, or perhaps a shopping expedition to that Bond Street emporium where Kitty Charing buys silk stockings and fans, followed by a soothing glass of ratafia* and a macaroon.
* which turns out to be 'a liqueur made from an infusion of macerated fruit or fruit juice in a liquor (as brandy) and often flavoured with almonds'. Sounds much more alcoholic than I'd supposed!
mackerella - welcome! and a mystery as well ...
I think the "expensive governess" is Ancilla Trent, who marries Sir Waldo Hawkridge in iirc The Nonesuch, having been Theophania (Tiffany) Wield's governess-companion. Her life is pretty grim and dependent until she marries, too.
[Incidentally, Mooncup, I have the advantage of you - as a GH hero might say - because I know you IRL. If that alone isn't enough to tell you who I am, a quick look through my posting history would probably enlighten you...]
I dunno, I always think whatsherface the one in Yorkshire who is a 'fabulously expensive' governess would have done quite well even if she hadn't married that hugely rich bloke with the orphanages - Waldo Hawkridge? (Am being dense about names atm.)
We are pretty welcoming here, I hope - as long as you don't engage in any Inappropriate Waltzing, of course.
Edam said what I was planning to say about Jane Eyre (and Villette, Shirley and The Tenant of Wildfell Hall all have fascinating feminist elements, though it's a different thread of course).
Agree that the future of GH heroines is portrayed as pretty bleak if they don't marry. Occasionally one of them starts planning an alternative life involving renting a house somewhere unfashionable like Kensington, but it's always made to sound a terribly depressing prospect.
Horatia, indeed she is hamstrung. Thanks for reminding me of Ivo - when I first read it, as a teenager, I decided Ivo would be a good name for any future sons... I'm sure ds would be glad he escaped that one if only he knew!
Thank you! I was worried that you might be as strict with your entry requirements as the Patronesses of Almacks...
Greetings mackerella. What you need to know is that the first rule of Georgette Heyer Book Club is "Hi! come in, lovely to see you, I think there's a space in that sofa over there"
It's not much of a rule but it's the only one we've got.
Am having to physically force myself not to start Grand Sophie too early so it's still really fresh in my mind when we discuss it, but the temptation is very strong.
Hello, I've been lurking on these threads for a while and wondered if I could join in? I haven't read any for a while, but the next two books (Arabella, The Grand Sophy, right?) are among my favourites, so I hoped I might have something vaguely sensible to contribute!
Horatia I might not have been entirely serious.....
Looks like Bath Tangle will be a good discussion when we get there.
Yes that's Serena and Ivo. But in part that's the ridiculous will, isn't it? that the otherwise independent woman is hamstrung by her misogynist father from beyond the grave.
LadyIsabella, Jane Eyre is a feminist novel IMO. Mr Rochester is a dominant male who is not allowed to marry Jane until he has lost his dominance and become vulnerable. Jane is a remarkably independent woman for her time and place, who refuses to submit to bullying men, in her childhood, her time with Rochester or with Rivers. She is prepared to Do Her Own Thing to the point of walking off into the hills on her own rather than be forced into a relationship with Rochester on terms that are not acceptable to her.
I'm sure there are plenty of feminist Georgette Heyer fans, including my Mother and me. Thing about her heroes is, most of them have a sense of humour, which is a pretty redeeming feature. Worth isn't so appealing but for his time he's quite advanced. Can't recall the title but which is the one with the heroine who was brought up as if she was her father's heir, and discovers when the will was read Daddy has made her ex her trustee, much to her fury and their mutual embarassment - is she Lady Serena? Anyway, there's a line at the end to the effect of 'and you'll clear any fences I set you at' or something, which has always irritated me - even though she's a strong, confident woman, he's still the boss.
Bloody hell Duchess that sounds like a lot of work...
Arabella - hurrah! One of my go-to Heyers.
I believe the phrase is "on it like Sonic".
<<down with the kidz>>
Charles eludes me ... maybe there is another category for the transformed hero - Charles, maybe Alverstoke fits in here ...anyone else? Maybe Charles does belong in Capable after all.
I also struggled with St Erth.
Mmm.. all needs a bit more work. My days of incisive literary analysis as an English under-grad are too far behind me.
I will work on heroine categories and then do an interesting set of cross-references between hero/heroines categories to see which is the most popular combination.
Arabella next - half way through and loving it, proper London high society comedy, which is my favourite sort of Heyer.
Cousin Kate is 16 books on from there I agree that it fits in the same sort of box as Reluctant Widow, but I haven't read it in twenty years, so who knows what I'll think of it this time round.
GH offers possibilities for some of the women who get married anyway - I'm thinking of Phoebe Marlow who was planning on setting up home with Miss Beccles and writing novels. She marries Sylvester instead, but it's mooted as a possibility.
Austen's heroines are unrelentingly wet. The Brontes are a bit better (although I can't remember Shirley) although their unmarried women are unsurprisingly unhappy.
Heyer at least lets her heroines have minds of their own.
We are a long way off Cousin Kate, aren't we? She's interesting in this topic, and we perhaps should have cross-referred to her during Reluctant Widow.
Join the discussion
Registering is free, easy, and means you can join in the discussion, get discounts, win prizes and lots more.Register now
Already registered with Mumsnet? Log in to leave your comment or alternatively, sign in with Facebook or Google.
Please login first.