Kids at local school abroad, how do I teach them to read english? Help!(30 Posts)
We live in Norway, our first language is english. Dd(6) has been here since she was 2yrs, speaks fluent english at home, and norwegian elsewhere. She has just started school and will learn to read in norwegian this year and next.
She can't read in english yet. It will be taught at school in a few years, but obviously not as a native english speaker.
We have read to her every night since she was a baby, and have LOTS of books in english. I thought she would begin to pick up words and reading through exposure, maybe that was naive!
Looking at phonics threads is overwhelming, as there is so much feeling that if you teach it wrong the child is set back, and I don't feel I know the rules in order to teach it. I learnt to read through exposure to books around 4yrs old so not formally perhaps.
Does it have to be phonics? Is there a simple guide to learning the rules for sounds?
She knows the sounds s,a,t,p,i,n from a phonics video, but I don't know how to move on!
Any help gratefully received!
We are in a similar situation in Switzerland, Zurich and here there are lots of the English speaking children who are in local schools who attend a group reading and writing lesson. These usually last ca 90 mins every week and there's usually a lot of homework and advice for the parents. I actually teach one of these and have my own business but lots of other people do it too. Do you have something like this in your area?
I'd like to support what a few of the others have said - reading in a second native language happens really very quickly and with very little need for active teaching (presuming that both languages use the same alphabet). I think it's considerably more difficult to teach writing, though, particularly because English spelling is often so counter-intuitive and unphonetic.
My DC are growing up as bilinguals in Germany, but they were taught to read at 6 in English first, within an international school. We were told they would be taught to read their second language (German) in their second school year, but DD1 just picked up a German kids' novel before that point and started reading it fluently. She simply needed a bit of help with special characters (in the case of German it was the ess-zett and umlauts).
She says she's slightly more fluent reading English than German, but DD2 finds reading German slightly easier than English, for some reason. What they both have difficulties with is writing correctly - they apply German conventions to English and vice versa (eg they capitalise all nouns in English texts, or get the commas wrong).
As a result, I think you need to be concentrating on getting your DC to write correctly over the next few years, but the reading will just happen as long as you provide enough reading exciting reading material.
My kids would ask to do starfall. They didn't have much in the way of tv or video games though so it was a treat.
I bought a series called 'brand new readers' there are a few samples on there website. The text is easy to predict and the books are amusing. I would read the book to my kid and he would read it to me with me helping. When he could do it all without help I would write his name in the book and it went on a special bookshelf and was his now.
Everything in the house was labelled. He would ask for more things to label.
We wrote stories together. Either invented spelling (his) or he would dictate. Daddy got read lots of lovely preschooler stories about dogs and fire stations.
We made shopping lists together, they would help me read the list (mainly just remembering what we had written together) and help fetch spaghetti/eggs/milk from the shelves.
We read a lot in front of them. "sorry ds, let me just finish this sentence/page this is a really good story and I want to see what happens next!"
"Unless of course you find one who used to be a primary school teacher in a former life"
My DD (7) has had English tutors for the past four school years and will continue to do so this year. Her tutors are indeed qualified English primary school teacher and, tbh, I wouldn't dream of using a tutor who wasn't.
IME, learning to read in one's other mother-tongue is a small battle compared to learning to write in one's other mother-tongue.
Like Alexrider here too, though I didn't waste any time or money on it.
DD1 is now 13 and devours books in either language. DD3 is 6 and just starting to read in French. I expect the English to follow easily afterwards.
After all, whilst I had lessons to teach me how to speak French, no one ever taught me to read in French, I just can as I know what the words are.
As long as she is a fluent speaker of both languages then don't sweat it.
I had the same experience as AlexRider
And I wasted shed loads of money too.
There are great free resources to encourage the transference of reading and writing skills into English. All nice "bitesize" activities as well.
myths and legends comic creator
and a boatload of really easy to use fun tools at Read Write Think
I've been a TEFLer for over 20 years. Personally I'd avoid bringing in one of us to teach a kid who is expanding one of their native toungues, the vast majority of us have no training in that area and while I found I could transfer my teaching skills I did have to go and do some reading up on teaching L1 to primary school age kids and rethink my objectives and stratagies rather than just apply them as though he were an L2 speaker of English.
Unless of course you find one who used to be a primary school teacher in a former life
The British Council is the government body responsible for promoting and encouraging the English language world wide. They have a Norway section which has lots of information and resources on developing English.
British Council Norway
I found that once my DCs learned to read in their adopted language then they applied the same principles and could read English. They can speak English so even if there were different sounds in French, they knew what the word would be to make sense in English. I wasted quite a bit of money having them tutored in English when they were younger and trying to use English workbooks but once they learned the basics of reading in French, English came easily. Now they spend a lot of time writing comics in English and reading English books at bedtime. Their preferred language to read in is English even though they've pretty much taught themselves. I don't push it anymore, just explain the odd incorrect spelling and read their lovely little handwritten books.
Oh yes I second the idea of using www.starfall.com She loved using that too.
We used Hooked on phonics pre K with Dd when she was 4 and she pretty much taught herself to read playing the games on the computer.
oh hang on, I think I read it wrong, they don't take kids under 8. Sorry.
I don't know if this is any good to you love, but there are a number of online/virtual UK schools now. Mine goes to a different one, but this one here offers part time afternoon sessions in just one subject only if prefered, at primary level
I think for just English it is about 300 quid ish a year. If the lesson time isn't a clash with her bricks and mortar school timetable, might actually work out cheaper than a tutor in your area.
have a look at www.starfall.com which is a free website. She might like to learn to read with those games and online books.
My dd learnt to read German at school and then about 6 months after she had started on reading German, I just took some very simple books in English and had her try and read them, helping when she got stuck. Just a little bit but often did the trick. No need for phonics or special books IMO. It went very fast with English because the concept of decoding written language had already been understood. I think she was onto simple chapter books in about 3 months, and I didn't put her under any pressure at all. English is more difficult to read than German but if your dc have learnt any western European language first and are using the same alphabet with some variance in pronunciation or with a couple of additional letters, it will be very straight-forward I think. Don't worry about it too much.
<waves to Rosa>
I bought into the whole reading series/phonicky stuff at first...then subscribed to Headsprout for a while (brilliant scheme, put a callout for Moondog on here who put me onto it and is an expert and v v helpful about it) After a very short space of time dd was reading fluently and since she was 6 we have just bought normal children's books. The headsprout course just seemed to make what she was already picking up from the reading schemes click somehow.
Off to google reading eggs not a clue what they are!!!
I'm reading this thread with interest as my children will have the same issues, but the other way, my husband is Norwegian and 2 were born in Oslo and went to barnehage, so Norwegian was first language (for dd at least, ds was just a baby) then we moved to Sydney when dd was 3 and ds was 1 so my daughter switched to English as a first language and the two others always knew English as a first language. Sadly she's lost the Norwegian though ...
We'll be moving back to Oslo next year so I am keen for the 2 others to learn to read English as native speakers, and hope it won't be too stressful for my 7 yr old to learn Norwegian at school.
In NSW they learn by phonics, reading eggs is something we used a lot last year when she was learning to read, the computer program, ours was .com.au, but it sounds like it is 'English' too, I just presumed it was an Australian thing, would highly recommend it.
I guess the main thing is for her not to get stressed, it should be fun (and my daughter found reading eggs fun, while spluttering through a book was more of a chore), and while she may be 'behind' compared to her cousins, she has other strengths I'm sure. We were back in Oslo in July and my mil (a barnehage teacher) and husbands cousin (a 2 klasse teacher) said she was reading at the level of a 8 or 9 year old in Norway, yet in Sydney she is considered very average. Made me wonder if it is right to encourage reading so early, they all get there in the end and should be allowed to be children
DD didn't seem to find it confusing, I started her on some phonics stuff her last year of barnehage (so before she'd done much in norwegian) and by the time she started school she could attempt and manage a simple book in english and it turned out that when presented with the same sort of level book in norwegian she could read that too (norwegian is more regular so I would say its inherently easier).
I decided not to do anything regarding writing in english before she'd mastered the mechanics of that at school (no point re inventing the wheel and all that) so I'll focus a bit more on spelling with her this year. Currently when she writes in english she uses norwegian phonics to spell :-)
My main motivation for 'pushing' the english at this stage is my gut feeling that if she is equally able in both languages it ups the chances that she will choose to read in english for pleasure, which in turn becomes 'free' learning/consolidation, whereas if her norwegian is stronger she's going to naturally choose to curl up with a norwegian book and reading english will be more 'work'. Reading eggs has been very positive because she really doesn't consider that 'work' (unless I make her do the spelling stuff).
DH is norwegian and we use both languages equally at home so in our case I think there is a real risk of the kids becoming norwegian speakers with excellent english rather than norwegian-english bilingual if we let it slide.
I used the gold stars books from Amazon also one that my mum picked up in M&S which she likes. ...we try and do a bit every other day but I don't want to push her . Also when we are reading a book often I stop and she reads the little words, at the , she , to etc. It might not be 'the' way but at least we are getting there.
Also do remember that IMO Scandanavian people have an excellent knowlege of English so whatever they are taught in the future must be good...in my daughters elementary school they don't even know if they have an English teacher despite it being obligatory so anything I can teach her is better than nothing.
Thanks for the links, and gallic-a tutor is a great idea too!
Have you considered finding a local TEFL teacher to do a bit of private tuition with her, just for the reading?
There is this
My DS is half English half Italian and initially went to Italian state school. I was all ready to teach him to read in English after the first year of school when he had got the hang of it in Italian....but he went behind my back and started reading all my old "peter and jane" style books I had decorated his bookshelves with.
By the time I noticed he was off and running, proving that reading is indeed a transferable skill.
I was a bit disappointed, I had picked out all sorts of fancy phonics programmes and ended up just brushing up a few tricky areas with this free site http://www.starfall.com/
Spelling city is good for any spelling confusion later on. http://www.spellingcity.com/
I think you're right viking there are bound to be a few internationals. Did you find it was confusing for your dd to be learning english letters at home at the same time as they are learning norwegian letters at school? I am wondering whether i should wait with the english reading until they start with english at school next year. (but I would prefer english to be her strongest language)
Not exactly round the corner then!
I'd definitly suggest you talk to the school, just to find out what they will be doing in english, and what they plan on doing for your dd. Probably nothing special but at least you will know what they are doing and they will have been reminded that your dd speaks english. Is she the only one? With 75 kids there might welll be others, either in 1ste or 2nde Dd1's group is only 6 kids and theres an english speaker, a lithuanian speaker and a portuguese speaker so being bilingual is very normal!
Thanks for the info! Viking- we are in Oslo/bærum. Dd has just started 1. Klasse, there are 75 kids in her year and 3 teachers, so i think the english may come predominantly from us at home! I shall try the reading eggs and oxford series, we do need something structured as I need guidance as to what to do next!
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