These are the Assessing Pupil Profile targets for level two. You would need at least 3 pieces of evidence before you could say a child has achieved one of the points, preferably more. If they passed the SATS paper, but didn't make progress in the other areas, then awarding a 2b would be on very shaky ground indeed.
In some reading range of key words read on sight unfamiliar words decoded using appropriate strategies, e.g. blending sounds some fluency and expression, e.g. taking account of punctuation, speech marks
In some reading some specific, straightforward information recalled, e.g. names of characters, main ingredients generally clear idea of where to look for information, e.g. about characters, topics
In some reading simple, plausible inference about events and information, using evidence from text e.g. how a character is feeling, what makes a plant grow comments based on textual cues, sometimes misunderstood
In some reading some awareness of use of features of organisation, e.g. beginning and ending of story, types of punctuation
In some reading some effective language choices noted, e.g. slimy is a good word there some familiar patterns of language identified, e.g. once upon a time; first, next, last
In some reading some awareness that writers have viewpoints and purposes, e.g. it tells you how to do something, she thinks its not fair simple statements about likes and dislikes in reading, sometimes with reason