The people who have the money - the Chinese, for example - won't be giving it up any time soon. The rest of us have got to retrench until things stabilise & build from there. Why is 21/12/12 significant?
"Why doesn't the US government make Apple pay extra taxes/contributions instead of taking away from the people."
So a company does well, it turns itself around, it pulls itself back from the brink of complete collapse and then puts money away ready to fund investments in future growth. Their reward for doing so is to face some special new tax that will take their savings away. And that will help the economy recover how? If companies are faced with the fact that saving and investing for their future will just land them with a huge tax bill what do you think they're going to do? Save and invest? Or blow it all and damn the future? Or head overseas and stop paying any tax at all to the Government?
There might well be a case to ask all companies to pay more money in tax, but just to pick on one famous example isn't going to help any.