Hi my dd has some homework regarding the crusades all of which is ok to do except the question of which countries were involved . I lot of the info she has been reading talks about the Christians v the muslims but not specific countries . This is what she/we think so far
1st crusade - France
2nd crusade - Germany France
3rd crusade - England France and Germany
Childrens crusade - Germany France
We not sure which countries they fought against ( Israel ? Turkey ? Saudi Arabia )
Richard the Lionheart went on Crusade with the French King, Phillip II. Before that, Louis Capet of France went on crusade with Eleanor of Aquitaine whilst they were still married. Eleanor was, of course, Richard's mother.
Richard's enemy was Saladin. He was considered a great leader by both the Muslims and the Franks - ie the Christians.